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Importance of Survival Skills

Subsistence Types in eHRAF: eHRAF Tutorial

Welcome to the video tutorial section for eHRAF. I’m Alissa Jordan and I’ll be your guide in this video I’m going to explain how subsistence types are classified within eHRAF and how the classification system What subsistence types will you find in both eHRAF archaeology and eHRAF World Cultures? Hunter-Gatherers are one they depend almost entirely eighty-six percent or more on hunting fishing and gathering for subsistence Next primarily hunter-Gatherers depend mostly greater than 56 percent of the time on hunting fishing and Gathering for subsistences Pastoralists depend mostly greater than 56 percent of the time on herding or pastoralism horticulturalists depend mostly greater than 56 percent of the time on simple agriculture Intensive agriculturalists depend mostly that is greater than 56 percent of the time on Intensive agriculture involving more or less permanent field cultivation and Potentially irrigation in addition eHRAF world cultures and eHRAF archaeology have a few of their own unique categories eHRAF world Cultures contains a classification for commercial economy as a subsistence system at the time of description likewise, eHRAF archaeology has unique options for subsistence types including hunter-Gatherers to food Producers and Horticulture to intensive agriculturalists the information used to classify cultures and traditions in the eHRAF databases came from a variety of sources much of the information came from Huber and Simmons 2004 and subsistence information was originally coded by Loftin 1971 for the remaining cases in eHRAF Coders turned to the Ethnographic Atlas Since the names in the Ethnographic atlas and eHRAF do not always match we consulted a concordance of cross-Cultural samples See Ember et al 1992 there is one Major difference in meaning between the coding Scheme in Murdock et al in 1967 and Ours our coding scale as a category for societies or subcultures where working for wages or in business is the primary way of making a living many contemporary societies have changed their ways of life since the documents were written and coded thus you should be cautious in your use of subsistence codes also be aware that eHRAF often includes data from multiple periods and sites for each culture or tradition For more information on how to filter by subsistence type check out the advanced search tutorials We hope this tutorial was helpful for you check out our other Tutorials and stay in the loop or contact us by checking out our homepage and linking up with us on Facebook and Twitter

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