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Importance of Survival Skills

How to Survive an Earthquake, According To Science

Suddenly, a loud crash! A dish falls on the floor in your kitchen. Your dog barks and more
things fall and smash. Your feet feel unsteady on the ground. What’s happening? It’s an earthquake, and
you need to act fast. If you don’t, you could get
injured, trapped or worse. So, how do you survive an earthquake? Well, here’s how to do it, Earthquakes can happen
anywhere, at anytime. The Earth’s outer crust
is made of tectonic plates floating on the planet’s upper mantel. The edges of these plates, called fault
lines, are where most earthquakes occur. When the plates butt up
against each other get stuck, that causes pressure to build up. Once the plates move again,
that’s when an earthquake happens. Most of the world’s earthquakes happen
in an area called the Ring of Fire. In fact, 80% of earthquakes happen
in this area along the Pacific ocean. The Ring of Fire
includes countries in Asia, like Japan, Indonesia and The Philippines. Some of these countries have earthquakes
as often as a few times per month. The damage that earthquakes can do includes everything from
tearing up roads, to fires, landslides,
avalanches and tsunamis. To be an earthquake survivor, it’s best to start before an
earthquake even happens. Get prepared beforehand. like TVs, so that they’re unlikely to fall, and store your heavy and breakable
belongings on low shelves. Drop to your hands and knees, cover your head with your arms, and hold onto heavy furniture
until the earthquake stops. for where you’ll meet if you’re separated. Toss in a flashlight, don’t forget your phone charger, and a whistle. if you aren’t already covered. Now, for the main event. During an earthquake,
do what you practiced. Drop, cover and hold on. If you’re in a car, pull over. If you’re indoors, do not
stand in a doorway. Once thought to be the
safest place in an earthquake, a doorway is no stronger than
any other part of a building. There will be aftershocks,
which are much smaller tremors. If you’re in a damaged building, go outside and move away from it. If you’ve been trapped in a fallen
building, try to stay calm. Cover your mouth to keep debris
from getting into your airway. Send a text, if you can. Bang on a pipe or use a whistle
to get a rescuer’s attention. If you’re near a large body of water, go inland and up to higher ground right
after the major shaking has ceased. After an earthquake is
when the tsunamis happen. Do not enter damaged buildings. If your radio or TV or smartphone
are still working, check for emergency
information and instructions. If you want to help then keep
yourself safe while doing so. Do not try to lift
heavy debris by yourself, and wear protective clothing when
volunteering in a rescue or cleanup. Earthquakes are dangerous, but if your follow this advice, you have an excellent chance
of walking away unscathed, According to Science.

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