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Importance of Survival Skills

How To Make a Sandwich

How To Make a Sandwich

As a home ecconomics teacher
at the Royal Blind School I teach anywhere from
basic food preparation right up until National
Qualifications to visually impaired and
blind young people. For a child and young person
with a visual impairment it is really important
to be developing skills required to meet the
demands of everyday life. Having a successful and
satisfying life is created by mastering a range
of independent living skills. As teachers of children
and young people with visual impairments,
we know that many incidental learning opportunties
are lost to the visually impaired, so we as teachers
need to initiate learning. Today with the help
of one of my pupils I’m going to demonstrate
how to make a toasted cheese sandwich. We’ve got tongs We’ve put them on
the dycem mat just to have colour contrast
so a visually impaired person can see this. We’ve also got a white
toaster on a grey worktop so again, the contrast
can easily be seen. We have a chopping board
that’s got rubber ends so it minimises movement. We have a cheese grater
with rubber on the bottom and you can also work
with that on top of a dycem mat,
to really stop movement, and on a contrasting dycem we’ve got a spoon
for spreading and a round handled knife
with an indentation to rest the
index finger on. And the last piece of equipment
we’re using today is a bread spreader that
is anchored to the edge of the worktop. So to begin the process
we have two slices of bread on our chopping board. We pick up the bread
one at a time, wtih one of our hands
we feel where the toaster is because at this point
it’s cold. I’m going to put it in
one slice of bread at a time. While the bread
is in the toaster we then push down
our switch at the side to toast our bread. In the meantime,
while our bread is toasted, we’re going to
grate our cheese. We put our box grater on our dycem to
keep it from moving. Take our cheese and
we feel which direction the blades are going very gently, and so that the
young person can actually feel the direction
at which to push the cheese. We take our cheese
and put it in the palm of our hand with out fingers pointing
up as much as we can. The reason why we do
that is so our fingers don’t get caught
in the blades. We gently push down
on the cheese and push it forward in the
direction of the blades. We pull it back again keeping
the cheese in the palm of our hand, then push it forward again
keeping fingers and thumbs up. Keeping repeating this motion
until all the chees is grated. The toast is now popped up
and we count to ten to give it time
to cool down. We then use our tongs
because the toast is still hot. We grab the top
of our toast, squeeze the tongs,
gently bring it over to our chopping board,
one at a time. We go and get the
other piece of toast. Squeeze the tongs, pull it
up away from the toaster and put it onto
our chopping board. The next step is to put
our chopping board aside, take out bread spreader, anchor it to the edge of
our worktop so it’s nice and firm. You take your toast,
one at a time, and secure it in the top
corner of our bread spreader. Using our spoon, we go into our tub of butter
and take a spoonful out. Using our otherfinger, we put the butter onto
the centre of our toast, and with the base of the
spoon in a circular motion, you slowly spread out the
butter going from the middle to the edge of
the toast, We can use our thumb
and our index finger to grip the toast while we’re spreading
our butter so we can feel the size
of the bread and how far the butter needs to go
on our toast. Once we have our two
pieces buttered on our chopping board,
we then get our grated cheese take off the lid, we put it on the side of the hand that we’re going
to use to minimise movement. Keep you index finger
and you thumb edge to edge on the toast so that
you can see the area that you need to cover
with the grated cheese. Now that we’ve finished
putting our grated cheese on one side of the toast
we can take our other piece of toast,
butter side down, so take it with index finger
and thumb and flip it over covering the cheese
and we feel with our hands that both pieces
are together. The last step it to cut
our sandwich in half. To cut our sandwich in half
we use a special technique by putting our hands
like a bridge. We do this to keep our
fingers and rest of our hand away from the knife. We take out knife, putting our index finger
in the indentation, Pressing down and
sawing back and forth. Keeping the knife
in the same position, back and forth, and we do that
until we hear the sound of the bottom
of the chopping board. And now we’ve completed
our lovely, tasty, toasted cheese sandwich.

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